The primary use of the papaya is as an edible fruit. It is usually eaten raw, without the skin or seeds. The unripe green fruit of papaya can be eaten cooked. The fruit is ripe when it feels soft and its skin has attained an amber to orange hue. Papaya is rich in an enzyme called papain and other proteins.
The papaya or pawpaw is from the family Caricaceae. It originates in central tropic of America and was first cultivated in Mexico; also it has been planted in tropical and subtropical countries. It is called in various names in various countries such as pawpaw in Australia, papaw in Thailand and named as tree melon in Europe.
Papaya is called as Paw Paw, Papaw, Tree Melon normally greenish yellow, yellow or orange color. This kind of fruits comes from tropical places with higher humidity, native to Mexico, countries of Central America, Thailand, Africa and Asia and growing well in Australia.Papayas are a large, pear-shaped which are all high in vitamin A, C and folate.Due to the tropical appearance and abundant fruit of papaya, it is considered as the demand to protect the landscape settings throughout coastal and southern Texas. The latex is obtained by making a cut on the surface of green fruits early morning and repeating four to five days until latex ceases to flow. The latex contains two proteolytic enzymes, papain and chymo papain.
The kamiah papaya is one of the cultivars of papayas.This medium sized fruit contains orange flesh, thin rind, mild, delicate aroma, smooth texture, and high sugar content. This papaya is round in shape than m ost of other papayas ,because as it contains more flesh in it . The ripeness of this papaya does not depend on the color of the skin. This can be determined when the skin of this fruit yield to the pressure exerted by the finger. This kind of papaya is more resistant to viruses, cutting the costs of the farmers
The Mexican red papaya is reddish to red-orange in color, and it is very sweet in nature. This papaya sweeter and larger than the Hawaiian variety. This type of plant will grow only in the sunlight, and also the tree requires a well drained soil. The fruit is quite elongated in shape. The ripeness of this papaya does not depend on the color of the skin. This can be predicted when the skin of this fruit yield to the pressure exerted by the finger.This fruit also contain much flush in it. A rose-fleshed papaya that is lighter in flavor than Mexican Yellow.
The Mexican yellow papaya is very similar in taste to the Mexican red papaya.It grows naturally just like the red papaya grows.Mexican yellow papaya is a ripened fruit, and when you press the fruit with your finger, it makes an impression. This kind of papaya is widely available in the United States. This kind of fruit also grows in sunlight with well drained soil. The flesh on the other hand is firmer to bite compared to the Mexican red.A very sweet and flavorful, yellow-fleshed papaya. This kind of fruit can grow up to 10 pounds but it is not as sweet as Hawaiian types.
The solo/Hawaiian was introduced in Hawaii from Barbados in the year 1911.This fruit is one of the most common varieties of papaya that are available in US.This type of fruit has a reddish orange tinge to the skin. This type of fruit is soft and an excellent quality in taste and texture. The Solo is the most common of all the papaya variety. This tree can either be bisexual or female with an average ratio of 2:1. Thistype of papaya is most commonly found within the tropical regions of the world. This type of papaya is pear shaped.This kind of fruit can weigh 1.1 to 2.2 pounds. This type of fruit does not produce any male plants. These are the least cold hardy Papayas. These kind of fruits can also grown in containers.
The kapoho papaya was made by horticulturists from the fruit called Solo papaya, that was introduced into Hawaii in 1911, developed by Hawaii’s most common commercial cultiva. This is the most common variety found in American supermarkets due to its sweet, golden flesh. This kind of fruit fruit weighs moderately upto 1 1/2 lbs.
Sunrise and Sunset Papayas
The sunrise papaya fruit matures after 9 month after the transplantation and hence it is pear in shape. This kind of fruit grows an average of 22 to 26 ounces depending on the location.The skin of this fruit is smooth, flesh firm and reddish-orange in color. This kind of fruit is sweet containing high sugar content. Plant of this fruit grows at a height of about 3 feet. The sunset papaya also in the shape of small to medium-sized, pear-shaped fruit. The Sunset papaya is a slightly smaller variety similar to the Sunrise, but with firmer flesh.
The skin of the waimanalo fruit is smooth,glossy and the fruit is in cavity star-shaped. The flesh of this fruit is thick, firm, with orange-yellow in color pretaining high quality with good flavour. This fruit can grow up to an height of 32 inches. Waimanalo has tolerance to some diseases and fungus. It performs well in high moisture areas.This variety is sold in local Hawaii market and is very popular. The seeds of this kind produce a gender ratio of 66% of hermaphrodite and 33% of female variety.
This kind of fruit is Flesh yeloow-orange colored .This kind of fruit ranges medium to large depending up on the climate.It can grow 5 inches wide, up to 18 inches long.This fruit is hard and high in quality.