Chikoo (Sapodilla)

Chikoo (Sapodilla)

The ‘Chiku’ fruit is 4-8 cm in diameter, very much resembling a smooth-skinned potato and containing 2-10 seeds. Inside, its flesh ranges from pale yellow to earthy brown color with a grainy texture akin to that of a well-ripened pear. The flavour is exceptionally sweet. The chikoo trees yield fruit twice a year, though flowering may continue year round. The fruit has a high latex content and does not ripen until picked. Some are round and some are oval with pointed ends.

The flavor of sapodilla appeals to almost everyone, and it can best be described as a pear that has been sopping in brown sugar. They are best served fresh and chilled, and then they can be halved or cut into wedgese. It is strong and wind-resistant and rich in a white, sticky latex. In the tropics level it will grow to 100 feet, but graft cultivars are significantly shorter. The fruit is Egg round in shape with 2 – 4 inches in diameter. The skin is brown and neat when ripe. The flesh varies sometimes reddish-brown.

SAPODILLA FRUIT

 

Sapodilla Fruit: The sapodilla Fruit is a chewing gum component and also the source of chicle. Fruit may be round to oval-shaped or conical, and 2 to 4 inches in diameter. Small brown downy fruit with orange flesh which has a caramel Taste. The plant was used as the base for chewing gum from Sapodilla. The flesh with soft brown of the sapodilla tastes a bit like a sweet mix of brown sugar and root beer.

 

Sapodilla Tree or the Manilkara Zapota is Long lived evergreen tree is native to the new world tropics. It is known by the name of chickoo in India. An average Growth of sapodilla about 30-40m in height. The shout of the tree contains a white sticky latex called the chicle.

Growing Sapodilla Trees

The sapodilla is native to Yucatan and other nearby parts of southern Mexico, as well as northern Belize and northeastern Guatemala. It was introduced by tropical America and the West Indies and the southern part of the Florida. The sapodilla is a fairly slow-growing, long-lived tree, specifically pyramidal while young. It is strong and wind-resistant, rich in white, steamy latex. This fruit leaves are highly attractive, evergreen, smooth, alternate, spirally clustered at the tips of the split branches. Flowers are small with 3 brown-hairy outer sepals and 3 inner sepals enclosing the pale-green corolla and 6 stamens. The leaf bases having a borne on slender stalks with greens.

The fruit Nature may in round, oblate, oval, ellipsoidal, or conical. While smooth-skinned it is coated with a sandy brown. The flesh ranges in color from yellowish to dark-brown and sometimes reddish-brown in colour. Some fruits are seedless But some Fruits may be from 3 to 12 seeds which are easily removed as they are loosely held in a spiral of slots in the center of the fruit. The species is found in forests where it has actually been cultivated since ancient times. It was introduced long ago in tropical America and the West Indies. Early in colonial times, it was passed to the Philippines and later it was adopted everywhere in the Old World tropics.

Health Benefits of Sapodilla

Childish fruits of sapodilla’s are boiled and the decoction taken to stop Diarrhea. An combination of the young fruits and the flowers sapodilla are drunk to relieve pulmonary complaints. A aged yellowed leaves of sapodilla is drunk as a remedy for coughs, colds and diarrhea.

The crushed seeds have a diuretic action are claim to expel bladder and kidney stones. A and Daily of lower blood pressure was avoided by sweetened the combination decoction of sapodilla and chayote leaves. The seed paste of the sapodilla seeds is applied on stings and bites from venomous animals.

Effectively Storing Sapodilla

The solid and established sapodillas ripen inside 9 – 10 days and decompose into two weeks, if kept at normal summer temperture and relative moisture. If saved in extremely low temperature, it acutely hampers the ripening of the fruit and it become as a lower quality of fruit. Low relative moisture causes the fruit to line and dry up and extreme humidity causes dankness. Sapodillas can be seved for long, if they have kept at under proper conditions, under controlled atmosphere. They will be keep for many days in the refrigerator. At a temperature of 35 degree F, they can be kept for as long as six weeks.

Sapodilla Varieties

1. Brown Sugar

Brown-sugar

Introduced in the year 1948,Fruit is medium to small, 2 to 2-1/2 inches long, nearly round. Skin is light, scruffy brown. Flesh pale brown, fragrant, juicy, very sweet and rich, texture slightly granular. Quality is very good. The tree bearing this variety is tall and bushy. The fruit is granular, sweet, juicy and extremely fragrant.

2. Prolific

Prolific

The Prolific varieties of sapodilla has smooth pinkish-tan flesh when mature. The fruits are round to conical and are long and broad, they be likely to loose much of the furry texture on the skin. Trees are heavy bearers. It is sweet, juicy and extremely delicious to taste. The tree bearing this variety bears fruits early, consistently and heavily.

3. Russel

Russel

The russel variety was introduced in the year 1935. It is a large, almost round fruit, which ranges from around 3 to 5 inches in diameter and length. It is a mildly fragrant variety, has a granular texture and is flavour rich and sweet. Skin is scruffy brown with gray patches. Its ripens starts from December to March.

4. Tikal

Tikal

Tikal was mainly special in the United States but its origin is also Mexico. The Tikal variety fruits are ovoid in shape, but the fruit fat at one end like a top. This variety was a commercial varieties planted in Florida for the first superior, but its popularity was a introduction of larger more productive cultivars.. The fruits ripen from December to March. The tikal variety ripens early and has an excellent flavour.

Sapodilla Nutrition Information

Food and Nutrition

Sapodilla is a tropical evergreen fruit tree belongs to the family of sapotaceae of the genus: Rain forest of the Sapodilla is mainy presented in Central America. It being grown as a major commercial crop in India, Sri Lanka, Indonesia and Malaysia, has now spread all over the tropical belt.. The tree grows very fast and is wind and lack opposing suitable for dry arid regions with insufficient rains. However, irrigation during summer season results in good fruit yield in central America’s..

A Sapodilla is:

The fruit has a high tanning substance, To stop diarrhea, the raw fruit is boiled and the decoction is consumed. A mixture of sapodilla fruit and flowers is inspired to prevent and get release from any pulmonary complaints.

Old yellow leaves is prepared the cold Decoction is taken to prevent, cough and diarrhea.h

A special tea prepared from the bark of the tree, which is beneficial to provide relief from diarrhea and dysentry

The latex derived from the tree is used to fill tooth cavities in the tropics

Sapodilla Nutrition facts

Nutritive value per 100 g of Sapodilla
Principle Nutritive value
Protein 0.44 g
Carbohydrate 19.9 g
Calcium, Ca 21 mg
Iron, Fe 0.80mg
Magnesium, Mg 12mg
Potassium 193 mg
Sodium, Na 12mg
Copper, Cu 0.086 mg
Vitamin C 37.4mg
Thiamin 0.058 mg

Sapodilla Recipe

1. Sapodilla Souffle

Ingredients:

  1. 1 cup mashed ripe sapodilla
  2. ½ cup heavy cream
  3. ¼ cup milk
  4. 1 tsp ground cinnamon
  5. 1 tsp carambola juice (you can substitute lemon juice)sugar, salt to taste
  6. 3 egg whites, whipped until stiff but not dry
  7. ¼ cup butter, melted

 

Directions:

Heat Oven at 300°F . In a container, mix sapodilla, milk and cream. Cook the mixture for10 minutes in a low temperature of heat, stirring constantly. Add cinnamon, carambola juice, sugar and salt for your taste. Cool until mixture is at room temperature. Carefully fold the cooked mixtures in egg whites. Turn into small soufflé dishes, 4 x 2 x 1½. Roast 25 minutes. Clash top with melted butter. Serve immediately.

2. Sapodilla Kulfi (Indian ice cream) :

Ingredients:

  1. 12-oz can evaporated milk
  2. 14-oz can sweet condensed milk
  3. 1 pint heavy whipping cream
  4. 3 slices white bread, soaked in milk and squeezed to remove as much liquid as possible
  5. 2 cups sapodilla puree
  6. 1 tsp vanilla extract
  7. 20 almonds, blanched and peeled, optional
  8. l½ cup pistachios, optional

 

Directions:

Blend all ingredients until smooth. Pour into popsicle molds or ice-cream cups and freeze.

How to Eat Sapodilla Fruit

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The inner membrane of the fruit was pale yellow with a beautiful star-shaped seed pattern. We cut the fruit into half moons and bit it in the middle and had to wash our mouths immediately – it had the strongest mouth-puckering astringency we’ve ever tasted! Actually the sapodilla has to ripen after it has been picked until it becomes, very soft. It becomes creamy and sweet like its cherimoya and soursop.

Another piece of trivia: the sapodilla tree, common origin place for sapodilla was mexico but it has spread through some tropical countries like India and the Philippines, is full of latex. In fact, a lot of chewing gum is made from the latex found in its bark. The name of the tree is called chiku it specially in india, which is how Chiclets got their name.

If you have ready access to the fruit there are numerous ways to serve it-battered and fried, stewed with lime juice and ginger, pulped and added to cakes, fermented to make wine, and even to replace apples in pie. But since I come across worm-free and ready-to-eat specimens so rarely, I’m content to simply indulge in them chilled. Do take care with the seeds though; some have a little hook-like protrusion that can snag on your throat if you accidentally swallow them.

Very unpleasant. Besides fruit, the sapodilla tree gives us one of life’s staples. The sap is collected much like latex tapped from rubber trees. This sap is a white, chewy substance called chicle, formerly the main component in chewing gum. Apparently, gum is now made with synthetic rubber, but I say bring chicle back.